The History of Christchurch, New Zealand
Christchurch is the city in the region of Canterbury in the South Island of New Zealand that is often labelled as one of the most English city beyond England. It is also also known as the Garden City since it has a great number of stunning gardens. The city region contains a population of just under 400 000, which makes it the second largest city in New Zealand after Auckland. The Avon River goes via the centre of the city with many parks situated alongside its banks with Hagley Park being a central characteristic of Christchurch. In the middle of Christchurch is Cathedral Square with the landmark Anglican cathedral that is currently being repaired because of earthquake damage.
The farming and agricultural market is the economical core of Christchurch and the majority of the first industry there were established to support that. Travel and leisure is now also a considerable factor for the local economy, with the city marketing themselves as a portal to the South Island featuring its exceptional scenery, snow skiing and also adventure tourism. It is also the gateway to the Antarctic, with the city having a long history of assistance in Antarctic research. There's an International Antarctic Centre that provides both base services and a museum with a visitors center. The United States Navy makes use of Christchurch Airport as being the hub stage for the main supply option to its McMurdo and also Scott Bases in Antarctica.
You can find some data that people first settled in the Christchurch region in close to 1250. Settlement became popular at the start of 1840 after the purchase of land in what is currently Riccarton by the Weller brothers and a number of European settlers guided by Herriott and McGillivray established themselves in what is now Christchurch, at the start of 1840. The Canterbury Association organised The First Four Ships to deliver 792 of the Canterbury Pilgrims to Lyttelton Harbour. The sailing vessels were the Randolph, Charlotte Jane, Sir George Seymour, and Cressy. The Charlotte Jane arrived first on 16 December 1850. The Canterbury Pilgrims desired to create a city around a cathedral based on the framework of Christ Church in Oxford, hence the name of Christchurch.
Quite a few substantial situations have shaped Christchurch. Back in 1947, a fire transpired at Ballantyne's Department Store within the central city with 41 people being killed in a fire which ruined a group of structures. It's still New Zealand's worst fire disaster. In between September 2010 and January 2012 Christchurch suffered a lot of major earthquakes with the most severe occuring on Tuesday 22 February 2011 with 185 people being killed and thousands of structures collapsing or suffering considerable damages. After the disaster more than 1500 buildings in the city ended up being demolished, bringing about a still ongoing recuperation and restoring project. The city did have some fast growth following the recovery started. On 15 March 2019, 51 individuals were killed in the course of two terrorist episodes in the Al Noor Mosque and Linwood Islamic Centre by a white supremacist who had come in from from Australia. The terrorist attacks have been referred to by the Prime Minister of New Zealand, Jacinda Ardern as being "One of New Zealand's darkest days".